Instruments | Styles | Artists | Members | Forums |
              Subscribe Register Login 
Zoltan Kodaly biography 
 

Zoltan Kodaly

Zoltan Kodaly Biography


Zoltán Kodály
Enlarge
Zoltán Kodály

Zoltán Kodály (December 16, 1882 – March 6, 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, educator, linguist and philosopher.

Though born in Kecskemét, Kodály spent most of his childhood in Galánta and Nagyszombat (now Trnava, Slovakia). His father was a keen amateur musician, and Kodály learned to play the violin as a child. He also sang in a cathedral choir and wrote music, despite having little formal musical education.

In 1900, Kodály entered Budapest University to study modern languages, and began to study music at the Franz Liszt Academy in Budapest, where Hans Koessler taught him composition.

One of the first people to undertake the serious study of folk song, Kodály became one of the most significant early figures in the field of ethnomusicology. From 1905 he visited remote villages to collect songs and in 1906 wrote his thesis on Hungarian folk song ('Strophic Construction in Hungarian Folksong'). Around this time he met fellow composer Béla Bartók, to whom he introduced Hungarian folk song. The two went on to publish several collections of folk music together, and they both show the influence of folk music in their own compositions.

After gaining his PhD in philosophy and linguistics, Kodály went to Paris where he studied with Charles Widor. There he discovered, and absorbed influenced from, the music of Claude Debussy. In 1907 he moved back to Budapest, and gained a professorship at the Academy of Music there. He continued his folk music-collecting expeditions through World War I without interruption.

Kodály had composed throughout this time, producing two string quartets, his sonatas for cello and piano and for solo cello (Op. 8, 1915), and his duo for violin and cello, but had no major success until 1923 when his Psalmus Hungaricus premiered at a concert to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the union of Buda and Pest (Bartók's Dance Suite premiered on the same occasion.) Following this success, Kodály travelled throughout Europe to conduct his music.

Kodály subsequently became very interested in the problems of music education, and wrote a good deal of educational music for schools, as well as books on the subject. His work in this field had a profound effect on musical education both inside and outside his home country. Some commentators refer to his ideas as the 'Kodály Method', although this seems something of a misnomer, as he did not actually work out a comprehensive method, rather laying down a set of principles to follow in music education.

He continued to compose for professional ensembles also, with the Dances of Marosszék (1930, in versions for solo piano and for full orchestra), the Dances of Galanta (1933, for orchestra), the Peacock Variations (1939, commissioned by the Concertgebouw Orchestra to celebrate its fiftieth anniversary) and the Missa Brevis (1944, for soloists, chorus, orchestra and organ) among his better known works. The suite from his opera Háry János (1926) also became well known, though few productions of the opera itself take place.

Kodály remained in Budapest through World War II, retiring from teaching in 1942. In 1945 he became the president of the Hungarian Arts Council, and in 1962 received the Order of the Hungarian People's Republic. His other posts included a presidency of the International Folk Music Council, and honorary presidency of the International Society for Music Education. He died in Budapest in 1967, one of the most respected and well known figures in the Hungarian arts.

In 1966, the year before Kodály's death, the Kodály Quartet, a string quartet named in Kodály's honour, formed.

Compositions

Other than the compositions mentioned above:

External link



This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Zoltan Kodaly



333 Elementary Exercises in Sight Singing "By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). Arranged by Percy Young. For voice (Book). BH Kodaly. The Kodaly Choral Method. Edited with annotations by Dr. Percy Young. 20th Century, Instructional and Sight Reading. Instructional book. 36 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M05130

...more info



Let Us Sing Correctly (101 Exercises in Intonation). By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). Book. BH Kodaly. Softcover. 16 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035388. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



"Cello Sonata, Op. 8" By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). For cello. 20th Century. Single piece. Bowings. Composed 1915. 20 pages. Published by Universal Edition

...more info



"Duo, Opus 7" By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). For violin and cello. 20th Century. Set of performance parts. Standard notation. Composed 1914. 45 pages. Published by Universal Edition

...more info



"Veni, veni Emmanuel" "(O Come, O Come, Emmanuel). Arranged by Zoltan Kodaly. SAB A Cappella. Boosey & Hawkes Sacred Choral. 12 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035739. Published by Boosey & Hawkes"

...more info



"Adagio for Violin (viola, cello, or double bass) and Piano" By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). EMB. 7 pages. Editio Musica Budapest #Z768. Published by Editio Musica Budapest

...more info



Sonatina (for Violoncello and Piano). By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). Edited by Lev Ginsburg. Cello. Boosey & Hawkes Chamber Music. 24 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035623. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



Pentatonic Music - Volume I (100 Hungarian Folk Songs). By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). BH Kodaly. Softcover. 36 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035500. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



"Serenade, Op. 12 - Set of Parts" By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). For 2 violins and viola. World Premiere: in Budapest / Hungary. 20th Century. Set of performance parts. Standard notation. Published by Universal Edition

...more info



Fifteen 2-part Exercises By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). 2-part. BH Kodaly. 24 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035203. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



"Duo, Op. 7" "By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). For violin, cello. New Issues. Score & part. Published by Masters Music Publications Inc."

...more info



Esti Dal (Evening Song) By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). SSA. EMB. 2 pages. Editio Musica Budapest #Z3248. Published by Editio Musica Budapest

...more info



333 Reading Exercises By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). Book. BH Kodaly. Softcover. 59 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035661. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



Missa Brevis (for Mixed Chorus and Organ or Orchestra). By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). Vocal Score. BH Large Choral. 56 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035432. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



Hary Janos Suite By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). For Large Orchestra. Philharmonia Taschenpartituren. World Premiere: in Gran Teatro del Liceo Barcelona / Spain by the Pau Casals Orchester conducted by Antal Fleischer. Full score (study). Standard notation. Duration 23 minu

...more info



Tancnota (Dancing Song) By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). SSA. EMB. 8 pages. Editio Musica Budapest #Z4659. Published by Editio Musica Budapest

...more info



22 2-part Exercises Kodaly By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). 2-part. BH Kodaly. 32 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M051308903. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



"String Quartet, Op. 10/2" By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). For String Quartet. Philharmonia Taschenpartituren. World Premiere: in Budapest / Hungary. Miniature score. Standard notation. Published by Universal Edition

...more info



Ladybird (Katalinka). By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). SSA A Cappella. BH Secular Choral. 4 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035357. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



77 2-part Exercises By Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967). 2-part. BH Kodaly. 32 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060035609. Published by Boosey & Hawkes

...more info



Search for other pieces by Zoltan Kodaly by entering text in the box below:








 


Other Stuff

Free Sheet Music by Artist : # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
8notes in other languages:              








Help | About Us | Contact Us | Link to Us | Add Score | | Privacy Policy | Terms Make us your homepage
© 2000-2014 8notes.com