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Enrique Granados biography 
 

Enrique Granados

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Andaluza (Spanish Dance no.5)
Andaluza (Spanish Dance no.5)
Andaluza (Spanish Dance no.5)
 

Enrique Granados Biography


Enrique Granados
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Enrique Granados

Enrique Granados (July 27, 1867 – March 24, 1916) was a Spanish composer and pianist of classical music; he is commonly considered to be a representative of musical Nationalism, and as such his music is in a uniquely Spanish style. He was also a talented painter in the style of Goya.

Life

He was born in Lérida, Spain. As a young man he studied piano in Barcelona, where his teachers included Francisco Jurnet and Joan Baptista Pujol. In 1887 he went to Paris to study, returning to Barcelona in 1889. His first successes were at the end of the 1890s, with the zarzuela Maria del Carmen, which earned the attention of King Alfonso XIII.

In 1911 Granados premiered his suite for piano Goyescas, which became his most famous work. It is a set of six pieces based on paintings of Goya. Such was the success of this work that he was encouraged to expand it; he wrote an opera based on the subject in 1914, but unfortunately the outbreak of World War I forced the European premiere to be canceled: it was performed for the first time instead in New York City on January 26, 1916, and was a huge success for the composer. Shortly afterward he was invited to perform a piano recital for President Wilson.

Unfortunately the delay incurred by accepting the recital invitation caused him to miss his boat back to Spain. Instead, he took a ship to Liverpool, where he boarded the Sussex for Dieppe. On the way across the English Channel, the Sussex was torpedoed by a German submarine, as part of the German unrestricted submarine warfare policy during World War I. In a failed attempt to save his wife Amparo, who he saw flailing in the water some distance away, Granados jumped out of his lifeboat, and drowned. Ironically, he had had a morbid fear of water for his entire life, and he was returning from his first-ever series of ocean voyages at the time of his death.

Music and influence

Granados wrote piano music, chamber music (a piano quintet, music for violin and piano), songs, zarzuelas, and an orchestral tone poem based on Dante's Divine Comedy. Many of his piano compositions have been transcribed for the classical guitar and are some of the most beautiful music in the guitar repertoire: examples include Dedicatoria, Danza No. 5.

Granados was an important influence on at least two other important Spanish composers and musicians, Manuel de Falla and Pablo Casals.

Works

  • 12 Danzas españolas (1890) for piano. The contents of the four volumes are: Vol. 1: Galante, Orientale, Fandango; Vol. 2: Villanesca; Andaluza; Rondalla aragonesa; Vol. 3: Valenciana; Sardana; Romántica; Vol. 4: Melancólica; Arabesca; Bolero.
  • María del Carmen (1898), opera.
  • Allegro de concierto (1903).
  • Escenas románticas (1903) for piano. The individual 'scenes' are: Mazurca; Berceuse; Allegretto; Mazurka; Allegro appassionato; Epílogo.
  • Dante (1908), symphonic poem.
  • Tonadillas (1910) for voice and piano. Titles of individual songs in the collection are: Amor y odio; Callejeo; El majo discreto; El majo tímido; El mirar de la maja; El tra-la-la y el punteado; La maja de Goya; La Maja Dolorosa I, II y III; Ay majo de mi vida!, Oh muerte cruel!, De aquel majo amante; La currutacas modestas; Sí al retiro me llevas; El majo olvidado.
  • Goyescas (1911), suite for piano. Movements are: Los requiebros; Coloquio en la reja, duo de amor; Quejas, o La maja y el ruiseñor; El amor y la muerte, balada; Epílogo, serenata del espectro.
  • Bocetos (1912) which contains: Despertar del cazador; El hada y el niño; Vals muy lento; La campana de la tarde.
  • Colección de canciones amatorias (1915), for voice and piano. Individual songs are: Descúbrase el secreto; Mañanica era; Mira que soy niña; Gracia mía; Iban al Pinar; No lloráis ojuelos.
  • Goyescas, opera, 1916.
  • 6 Estudios expresivos
  • 6 Piezas sobre cantos populares españoles, which include: Añoranza; Ecos de la parranda; Vascongada; Marcha oriental; Zambra; Zapateado.
  • Madrigal, for cello and piano.


This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Enrique Granados



12 danzas espanolas (Spanish Dances) (Granados Masterpieces). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by Luis Sucra. For solo piano. Contemporary masterpieces album. Classical Period and Spanish. SMP Level 10 (Advanced). Collection. Standard notation and fingerings (does not include words to

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"Goyescas, Spanish Dances and Other Works for Solo Piano" By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For solo piano. Piano Collection. Dover Edition. Classical Period and Spanish. SMP Level 10 (Advanced). Collection. 170 pages. Published by Dover Publications

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Intermezzo (from Goyescas) (Cello and Piano). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by C Cassado. Cello. String Solo. 8 pages. G. Schirmer #ST31411. Published by G. Schirmer

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Enrique Granados: Valses Poeticos By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by Martin Cuellar. For piano. FJH Classic Editions. Classical Period. Book. Published by The FJH Music Company Inc

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Cuentos de la Juventud Op.1 By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by T. A. Johnson. For Piano. Easier Piano Pieces. Grades 5-7. Sheet Music. Published by ABRSM (Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music)

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Album For Piano (Piano Solo). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For solo piano. Piano Collection. Classical Period. SMP Level 9 (Advanced). Collection. Introductory text (does not include words to the songs). 98 pages. G. Schirmer #LB1986. Published by G. Schirmer

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Eleven Songs (Tonadillas) (in the Original key). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For voice and piano. Text Language: Spanish & English. Language: Spanish and English. Published by International Music Company

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Orientale (Spanish Dance No. 2) By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by Piatagorsky. For cello and piano. Published by International Music Company

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Valses poí©ticos By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For Piano. Masterworks; Piano Solo; Solo. Kalmus Edition. Masterwork; Romantic. 16 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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"Danza Espaí±ola Andaluza, Op. 37, No. 5" (for Violoncello and Guitar). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Arranged by Konrad Ragossnig and Marek Jerie. Gitarren-Archiv (Guitar Archive). 17 pages. Schott Music #GA512. Published by Schott Music

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Collected Works (Piano Solo). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Piano Collection. SMP Level 10 (Advanced). 192 pages. Editions Salabert #SEAS18873. Published by Editions Salabert

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"Allegro de Concierto, Capricho Espanol and Other Works for Solo Piano" By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For Piano. Piano Collection. Dover Edition. Masterwork. Book. Published by Dover Publications

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Canciones Amatorias "(Voice and Piano). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by Rafael Ferrer. For Voice, Piano Accompaniment. Music Sales America. Classical. 36 pages. Music Sales #UMV19807. Published by Music Sales"

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Il Mio Primo Granados (My First Granados) (Piano Solo). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by Piero Rattalino. Piano Collection. 20 pages. Ricordi #RER2788. Published by Ricordi

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"A la Cubana, Op. 36" "By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For Woodwind Quintet: Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon, Horn. Transcriptions. Romantic; Spanish. Score and set of parts. Composed 1914/1990. Published by Masters Music Publications Inc."

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Granados Album (Hors Serie. Musica Varia). By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by Floraleda Sacchi. For Harp. 32 pages. Published by Ut Orpheus

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The Maiden and the Nightingale By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Edited by Isidor Philipp. For piano solo. Published by International Music Company

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"Tonadillas, Drei" "By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). Arranged by Siegfried Behrend. For Soprano solo voice, Guitar. Published by Tonos Music"

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Musica para Piano By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For Piano Solo. Music Sales America. Romantic. 80 pages. Union Musical Ediciones #UMP24334. Published by Union Musical Ediciones

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"Capricho Espanol, Op. 39" By Enrique Granados (1867-1916). For piano solo. Original Works. Impressionist. Score. Published by Masters Music Publications Inc.

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