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Giacomo Puccini biography 
 

Giacomo Puccini

Artist: Giacomo Puccini 
Born:1858, Lucca
Died:1924, Brussels
Summary:Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) is regarded as one of the great operatic composers of the late 19th and early 20th century. His operas include including Madame Butterfly and La Boheme.
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Giacomo Puccini Biography


Giacomo Puccini
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Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) is regarded as one of the great operatic composers of the late 19th and early 20th century.

Life

Puccini was born in Lucca, Italy into a family with a long history of music. After the death of his father when he was only five years old, he was sent to study with his uncle Fortunato Magi, who considered him to be a poor and undisciplined student. Later, he took the position of church organist, but it was not until he saw a performance of Verdi's Aida that he became inspired to be an opera composer.

In 1880, the Messa di Gloria (Glory Mass), composed at the age of 22, marked the end of Puccini's apprenticeship as a composer and the culmination of his family's long association with church music in his native Lucca. The work offers fascinating glimpses of the dramatic power that Puccini was soon to unleash on Milan's stages. The orchestration and the overall feeling of drama conveyed by his music establish a dialogue with Verdi's Requiem and perhaps already constitute a prediction of the future operatic career Puccini would embrace for life.

From 1880 to 1883 he studied at the Milan Conservatory under Amilcare Ponchielli and Antonio Bazzini. In 1882, Puccini entered a competition for a one-act opera. Although he did not win, Le Villi was later staged in 1884 at the Teatro dal Verme; it also caught the attention of the publisher Giulio Ricordi who commissioned a second opera (Edgar).

Not only was Manon Lescaut, his third opera, a great success, it also begin his relationship with the librettests Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa, who worked with him on his next three operas. The first of these, La Bohème (based on a story by Henry Murger), is considered one of his best works, as well as one of the most romantic operas ever composed. His next opera, Tosca, was Puccini's first foray into verismo. Madame Butterfly (based on a play by David Belasco) was greeted with great hostility at its opening (mostly orchestrated by his rivals), but after some reworking it has become another of his most successful operas.

Composition was slow after this. In 1903 he was injured in an automobile accident. In 1906 Giacosa died. In 1909, there was scandal after their maid was falsely accused by Puccini's wife of having an affair with Puccini and then committed suicide. And in 1912, Puccini's editor, Ricordi, died.

In 1918, Il Trittico premiered. This work is composed of three one-act operas in the style of the Parisian Grand Guignol: a horrific episode (Il Tabarro), a sentimental tragedy (Suor Angelica) and a comedy or farce (Gianni Schicchi). Of the three, Gianni Schicchi is the most popular and Il Tabarro the least. Schicchi is sometimes performed as a double-bill with a one act opera such as Cavalleria Rusticana or I Pagliacci.

Puccini died in Brussels, Belgium in 1924 from complications due to treatment for throat cancer. Turandot, his last opera was left unfinished; the last two scenes were completed by Franco Alfano. In 2001 a new completion of the final scenes was made by Luciano Berio.

Music

Puccini's major operas include:

Complete list:

  • Messa di Gloria (Gloria Mass, Luca, 1880)
  • Le Villi (1884-05-31 Teatro dal Verme, Milan)
  • Le Villi rev (1884-12-26 Teatro Regio, Turin)
  • Edgar (1889-04-21 Teatro alla Scala, Milan)
  • Edgar rev (1892-02-28 Teatro Communale, Ferrara)
  • Manon Lescaut (1893-02-01 Teatro Regio, Turin)
  • La bohème (1896-02-01 Teatro Regio, Turin)
  • Tosca (1900-01-14 Teatro Costanzi, Rome)
  • Madama Butterfly (1904-02-17 Teatro alla Scala, Milan)
  • Madama Butterfly rev (1904-05-28 Teatro Grande, Brescia)
  • Edgar rev 2 (1905-07-08 Teatro Colón?, Buenos Aires)
  • Madama Butterfly rev 2 (1905-07-10 Covent Garden, London)
  • Madama Butterfly rev 3 (1905-12-28 Opéra Comique, Paris)
  • La fanciulla del West (1910-12-10 Metropolitan Opera, New York)
  • La rondine (1917-03-27 Opéra, Monte Carlo)
  • Il trittico (1918-12-14 Metropolitan Opera, New York):
    • Il tabarro
    • Suor Angelica
    • Gianni Schicchi
  • Turandot (1926-04-25 Teatro alla Scala, Milan)

References



This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Giacomo Puccini



Puccini For Piano Solo (38 Inspired Selections from 9 Operas). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). For solo piano. Misc. Classical Period. SMP Level 8 (Early Advanced). Collection (no lyrics). Introductory text (does not include words to the songs). 112 pages. Published by Ricordi

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La Boheme "(Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Arranged by Ruth & Thomas Martin. For SATB chorus, 2 soprano solo voices, 2 tenor solo voices, 2 baritone solo voices, 4 bass solo voices and piano accompaniment (Score). G. Schirmer Opera Score Editions. Cl

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Play Puccini (Violin) "(10 Arias Transcribed for Solo Instrument & Piano). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). For violin solo and piano accompaniment. Misc. Classical Period, Opera and Play Along. Difficulty: medium to medium-difficult. Violin solo book and accompaniment CD. Stan

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Madama Butterfly (Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Arranged by John Gutman. Score. G. Schirmer Opera Score Editions. 324 pages. G. Schirmer #ED2428. Published by G. Schirmer

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"Nessun Dorma - From ""Turandot""" "(Voice and Piano). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). For tenor solo voice and piano accompaniment. Vocal Solo. Romantic period and Opera. Difficulty: medium. Single piece. Vocal melody, piano accompaniment and lyrics. 4 pages. Ricordi #R120205. Published b

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Gianni Schicchi (Opera Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Vocal Score. Text language: English and Italian. 188 pages. Ricordi #RCP132848/05. Published by Ricordi

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Arias for Soprano "(Cantolopera Collection). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). For soprano voice solo and piano accompaniment. Cantelopera. Classical Period, Opera and Play Along. Difficulty: difficult. Accompaniment CD and collection. Vocal melody, lyrics, piano accompanime

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O Mio Babbino Caro - Soprano "(from 'Gianni Schicchi'). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). For soprano voice and piano. Vocal Solo. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium. Single piece. Vocal melody, lyrics and piano accompaniment. 2 pages. Ricordi #R117666. Published by Ricordi"

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Tosca (Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Edited by R Parker. Score. Vocal Score. 416 pages. Ricordi #RCP135431/05. Published by Ricordi

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Puccini Operas: The Complete Vocal Scores (Version 2.0) By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Vocal Score. CD Sheet Music (Version 2.0). CD-ROM. CD Sheet Music #30400033. Published by CD Sheet Music

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O mio babbino caro (from Gianni Schicchi) (Voice and Piano). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Vocal. 8 pages. Published by Hal Leonard

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Suor Angelica (Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Vocal. 116 pages. Ricordi #RCP121612/05. Published by Ricordi

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Tosca (Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Arranged by John Gutman. Score. G. Schirmer Opera Score Editions. 312 pages. G. Schirmer #ED2235. Published by G. Schirmer

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La BohíÂme (Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Score. Vocal Score. 277 pages. Ricordi #RCP99000/04. Published by Ricordi

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Nessun Dorma (from Turandot) By Giacomo Puccini. For piano. Classical. 3 pages. Published by Hal Leonard - Digital Sheet Music

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Nessun Dorma (from the opera Turandot) (Easy Piano Solo Sheet Music). By The Three Tenors. By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Misc. SMP Level 5 (Intermediate). 4 pages. Published by Ricordi

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Cantolopera: Puccini Arias for Tenor (Cantolopera Collection). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Cantolopera Series. Play Along. Collection and Performance/Accompaniment CD. 30 pages. Ricordi #R138728. Published by Ricordi

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Turandot - Full Score (Full Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). For orchestra (Score). Opera. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium. Full score (performance parts unavailable for this edition). Full score notation. 461 pages. Ricordi #RPR1358. Published by Ricordi

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"PUCCINI: Arias for Soprano with Orchestra, Vol. I" By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). For soprano voice. Vocal Score and CD+G. Published by Music Minus One

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Turandot (Vocal Score). By Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Vocal Score. Vocal Score. 408 pages. Ricordi #RCP119772. Published by Ricordi

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